Views:90 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-10-07 Origin:Site
There are important things that you need to consider for the farm hens you are to raise, their number, the design of the coop and the type of food you’d give your hens. etc. The next will introduce some aspects of how to raise farm hens.
A 6-pound laying hen will consume about 3 pounds of food a week. Its diet should consist of a prepared feed that is balanced for vitamins, minerals and protein; crushed oyster shell for egg production; and grit for digestion. Feed consumption should increase in the winter when your birds are burning more calories and decrease in the summer.
Fruit and vegetable scraps from the kitchen or garden, bread, scratch-cracked corn and oats are nice treats for your flock in moderation.
Chickens also need access to clean, fresh, unfrozen water. During the winter months, providing a heated water bowl or providing fresh water twice a day may be necessary.
Chickens need shelter for nesting and roosting. You need to provide 2 to 3 square feet of indoor space and 4 to 5 feet of outdoor space per bird. You also need to have one nest box for every four to five birds and a place for them to roost.
Your chicken coop needs to provide protection from the weather and predators. There should be a well-insulated area with a heat lamp for the winter. It should also offer draft-free ventilation in the roosting area. The coop should be free of small holes that predators can sneak in, while the outdoor space should be free of obstructions like wood piles or equipment that can attract predators.
It’s also a good idea to house different species of poultry separately to promote healthier flocks.
The easiest way to spot a diseased chicken is to recognize deviations from normal behavior, such as decreased appetite, low production, wheezing, sneezing or strange fecal matter.
An important part of hens health is a clean living environment. The coop and outdoor area should be cleaned out weekly to avoid manure and odor buildup. The cleaning should include feeders and water sources. Additionally, cleaning is always necessary before introducing a new bird.
The coop should undergo a more extensive and thorough cleaning once a year to control the odor and fly populations associated with chicken manure. Other manure control solutions include moving the coop to a new location or composting the chicken’s bedding.
Age, daylight exposure and diet are the most important factors to egg production. Hens can begin laying eggs at 6 months old and can continue for 5 to 10 years. However, peak production usually occurs over the first two years.
Each hen will lay about six eggs a week, but production will drop in the fall when they molt and daylight decreases. Hens require at least 12 to 14 hours of light each day to keep laying eggs, and they reach peak production with 16 hours of light a day.
•Food and water need to be changed daily.
•Hens should be let out each morning and put away each night.
•Eggs need to be collected twice a day.
•The coop and pen should be cleaned weekly.