Views:96 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-10-22 Origin:Site
Ecological farming is recognized as the high-end objective among the proponents of sustainable agriculture. Ecological farming is not the same as organic farming, however there are many similarities and they are not necessarily incompatible. Ecological farming includes all methods, including organic, which regenerate ecosystem services like: prevention of soil erosion, water infiltration and retention, carbon sequestration in the form of humus, and increased biodiversity.Many techniques are used including no till, multi-species cover crops, strip cropping, terrace cultivation, shelter belts, pasture cropping etc. How do we build an ecological farm and what should we pay attention to during the construction process?
Investigate before start---Get to know about Eco farming as much as possible before getting down to do the work. The best way to gain good knowledge is to talk to farmers who are into this type of farming. Learning the basics of natural and organic farming，Approach eco farming associations and request their guidance. Talk to farmers about the pitfalls they encountered and the lessons they learnt. Ensure that you don’t repeat the mistakes.
Do a plan---By the time you complete your research, you should be in a position to know what crop would be the best for your farm. The soil needs to be prepared according to the crop you intend to cultivate.Find out what agricultural products the market needs, what is the market’s buying capacity, and how often does the market buy such produce. It is also important to figure out how the farmer will sell products to the market. Don't forget take climate into consideration. The climate in your area affects which plants can be grown organically.
Utilize efficient agricultural tools---If you need tools for digging holes, invest in a backhoe. Backhoes are available as separate hydraulic implements for different types of tractors.
Plastic Mulch Layer and sprayers---A plastic mulch layer attachment for your tractor is a must have item if your farm utilizesplasticulture growing methods. Sprayers are used to apply compost tea, herbicides and pesticides.Animal artificial insemination tube seems to be an infrequent tool, but it plays an important role in animal fertilization, which can improve animal fertilization efficiency and survival rate.
The organic farm site should be near a clean water source: water is a non-negotiable resource for crop growth and health. If the water source is far, it is much more difficult to manage the irrigation process.
If you plan to start Wild animal breeding, you need to pay attention to the animal's living habits and environmental requirements, clean and feed in time, it is very important to choose the right farm.
Crop rotation helps build and preserve soil nutrients. Different crops need different nutrients. As plants take in required nutrients, those that are not needed are left behind. Crop rotation also helps arrest infestation, weed growth and soil erosion.
Weeds can come in the way of your crop growth by consuming resources such as water, soil nutrients and sunlight, meant for your crops.
Ecological Farm can helps in maintaining environment health by reducing the level of pollution and reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residues in the product.It improves the soil physical properties and chemical properties such as granulation, good aeration, easy root penetration and improves water-holding capacity. supply and retention of soil nutrients, It ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for short-term benefit and helps in conserving them for future generation.