Views:86 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-06-28 Origin:Site
Welfare farming is a model of raising in the protection of science, providing animals with a safe, free and quality natural environment. Protect it from the disease, the survival of the fittest, and the bad weather. The ultimate goal of welfare farming is to ensure the quality and safety of livestock and poultry products, so as to ensure that people eat healthy meat and quality meat.
Animal welfare is a complex concept. It is influenced by many factors, mainly including physical and mental. It refers to the growth and development of animals without any pain, no disease, no behavior abnormality, no psychological stress.
In 1978, Hughes defined farm animal welfare as: a state of full health in which the animals in the farm are in harmony with their environment. In 1986, Bloom believed that animal welfare refers to the state in which animals adapt to their environment as much as possible. It is a "state" that includes aspects of biology, psychology, and ethics. In 1988, Hurnik proposed that reasonable coordination should be characterized by the absence of adverse stimuli, abnormal stimuli or any load conditions that impede the maintenance of normal life, health and comfort, or the artificial deprivation of animals.
Animal welfare is an external condition that guarantees animal recreation. Animal recreation is the state of the animal's own feelings, that is, the state of "psychologically happy", including no disease, no behavior abnormality, no psychological stress, depression and pain. Therefore, animal welfare reflects the objective conditions of the animal's living environment, and the welfare conditions directly affect the animal's well-being.
One of the more internationally accepted definitions is the basic principle of “SF” monitoring proposed by the UK Farm Animal Welfare Committee (FAWC) in 1968:
1.Freedom from hunger and thirsty
2.Freedom from thermal and physical discomfort
3.Freedom from pain injury and disease
4. Freedom from fear and stress in life Freedom from fear and stress
5. Freedom to express normal behavior
Studies have shown that improving farm animal welfare can effectively reduce livestock and poultry food safety risks and increase farming income. Taking pig raising as an example, according to the welfare breeding of 400 pigs, only 2 people need to be invested in manpower. According to the traditional farming method, 8 people need to be invested in manpower, and the labor cost can save 200,000 a year. Funds. Due to the adoption of a feeding management method that respects animal habits, the breeding rate of sows is significantly improved. In the trial, nearly 100 pigs per year are produced, and the rate of slaughter is significantly increased, which directly affects the recovery rate of the required capital investment. The return on capital has also increased.
The improvement of farm animal welfare is not only a requirement of social ethics, but also closely related to the quality and safety of animal products and the sustainable development of the livestock industry. The livestock and poultry farming industry should actively respond to and put into practice the aquaculture management.