Views:97 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-07-24 Origin:Site
Horses are the animal that is particularly well fed. Because the food for them is diverse. But for different types of horses, the feeding method is different.
The stallion is strong, their sexual desire is strong. The amount of semen is high and the quality of semen is good. To extend their service life, it is necessary to have correct feeding and management methods.
When breeding, we must first ensure the nutritional needs of the stallion. The roughage is mainly made up of high quality cognac and leymus chinensis.
Except feeding concentrates and roughage, in order to improve the quality of semen, some vitamins are added for "special care".
During non-breeding period, the concentrate reference formula is: oatmeal 50%, soybean 10%, black bean 10%, bran 10%, corn 10%, sunflower seed 8%, mineral 2%. Among them, minerals include: salt, calcium powder, etc. In addition, the soybeans should be steeped in water and the black beans should be cooked. During the breeding period, the proportion of 5% oats can be reduced, and nutrient feeds such as eggs, yogurt and red rice can be added.
The type of mare is mainly divided into non-pregnancy period and pregnancy period.
During the non-pregnancy period, the weight of the mare decreases rapidly, and it is necessary to improve nutrition and promote estrus.
The roughage is 8-12 kg/day and the concentrates is 3-4 kg/day. The roughage can be high quality cognac and leymus chinensis.
The reference materials for the concentrate are: oatmeal 35%, soybean 15%, black bean 12%, bran 10%, corn 15%, sunflower seed 10%, mineral 3%.
Except meeting the nutritional needs of the mares themselves, it must also ensure the normal development of the fetus and the need for postpartum lactation, so the diet of pregnant mares must be rich in nutrients.
Foods rich in calcium, phosphorus and vitamins should be added during pregnancy. It is recommended to feed with carrots, potatoes and beets, which can increase the intake of vitamins, help digestion and prevent miscarriage.
Feeding management in the last 1-2 months of pregnancy is very important for the increase of lactation. It is necessary to strengthen feeding. However, the food should be appropriately reduced 2 to 3 weeks before childbirth, and the food which is excellent texture, soft and digestible should be given.
After young horses are born, their ability to adapt to the outside world is relatively poor, and its development is closely related to the production performance of adult horses in the future. Therefore, we must pay attention to the feeding management of young horses. The entire cub period is 6 months.
Within 3 days of birth, if the weather is good, the cubs can do outdoor sports with the mare.
About 10 to 15 days, the cubs begin to eat grass on their own and begin to replenish within one month. Prepare digestible bran and crushed barley, oats, etc., add appropriate amount of bean cake. Add water and soak, and mix well when feeding, start 50 grams per day, feed twice, then gradually increase the feeding times to three times a day.
In the daily management of horses, the following tasks should be noted:
Horse body brushing is an important daily care for horses, mainly for the brushing care of the horse's coat hair, mane, tail hair and hooves.
The hooves digging can be carried out before the horse body brushing. Use the hooves hook to remove the dirt or stones from the hooves, and then wash the hooves with water.
Hooves will continue to grow. Every other month, the horseshoes will be removed, trimmed, and nailed. When nailing the hooves, be sure to choose a suitable pair of horseshoes, otherwise the horse will feel uncomfortable.
The horse sweats after exercise and needs to take a bath. Choose to bathe the horse in clear, windless weather and use water at a temperature above 15 °C, then pull the horse to the drying room for drying. If the weather temperature and water temperature are low, the weather is windy or horses are sick or training, they cannot bathe.