Views:81 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-08-14 Origin:Site
As the animal world and the human world get closer, people have learned and approached animals in different ways. People who know more about the animal world think that animal vaccination is still necessary.
There are two reasons why the demand for animal vaccine industry has grown rapidly in recent years. First, animal epidemic prevention and treatment in large-scale aquaculture are conventional consumption, and high-density aquaculture methods may cause large-scale infection in a short period of time if an epidemic occurs.; Second, increasingly stringent international standards for food safety have been introduced, and higher standards have been proposed for aquaculture. Vaccination can greatly save costs and manpower and can greatly reduce drug residues compared to the treatment of sick animals.
Animal vaccines can be divided into weak toxic vaccines, inactivated vaccines, metabolite vaccines, subunit vaccines, live carrier vaccines, and Gene deficiency seedlings. Among them, weak and inactivated vaccines are more common. The weak virus vaccine is a natural strong poison to microorganisms that is processed by physical and chemical methods and successive generations of organisms, causing them to lose their virulence to the host animals or cause only minor sub-clinical reactions. However, it still maintains good immunogenic strains or vaccines prepared by natural weak strains screened from nature. Inactivated vaccines are vaccines that use physical or chemical methods to treat microorganisms so that they lose infectious or toxic properties and maintain good immunogenicity.
Vaccination of animals is an effective measure to prevent infectious diseases in animals. It can not only reduce animal mortality, but also ensure the goodness of animal race genes.
Vaccination can keep the pet healthy, not only to keep the pet in good condition, but also to reduce the impact on the owner's physical condition.
Injecting animals with animal vaccines can maintain the health of livestock and reduce unnecessary economic losses caused by zoonotic diseases.
Attention should be paid to the appropriate target of vaccination and the route of administration. Vaccination of animals is administered by injection.
We must pay attention to the refrigerated transportation and refrigerated storage of vaccines and prohibit sunlight exposure. Note that the use of antibiotics and disinfection drugs is prohibited within 7 days before and after vaccination, and livestock disinfection is prohibited within 3 days before and after vaccination. Vaccination equipment should be sterile. When inoculating, pigs and sheep should use needle No. 12, poultry should use needle No. 5-9, and cattle should use needle No. 12-16. An animal injection to avoid cross-infection, causing livestock to infect each other. It is best to use a higher standard veterinary syringe.
After vaccination, vaccination records should be done well and attention should be paid to observing livestock and poultry. If there is an allergic reaction, epinephrine can be injected, and treatment of the disease can also be used to throw cold water on the animal body, releasing nose, ears, and hooves. Used vaccine bottles, equipment and unused vaccines should be treated innocently.