Views:88 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-08-27 Origin:Site
When we raise animals, it is inevitable that there will be diseases. Today we will talk about the general diseases of animals and the use of stethoscopes.
Animal diseases are generally divided into three types: common diseases, parasitic diseases, and infectious diseases.
1. There are many types of common diseases, including medical, surgical and obstetric diseases. Medical diseases include digestive, respiratory, urinary, neurological, cardiovascular, blood hematopoietic organs, endocrine, skin, muscle, bone and other systems as well as nutritional metabolism, poisoning, genetics, immunity, and young animal diseases. The causes and manifestations are diverse. Surgical diseases mainly include trauma, limb disease, hoof disease, and eye diseases. Obstetric diseases can be divided into gestational diseases (abortion, stillbirth, etc.) according to the period of occurrence, diseases during childbirth (dystocia), postpartum diseases (fetal dressing, endometritis, sputum production), breast diseases, newborn larval diseases, etc. .
2. Parasites mainly include three major categories of protozoa, worms and arthropods. The former two are mostly endoparasites, often enter the animal in the form of eggs, and after a long period of time to complete the growth and development, eventually causing lesions in the animal's intestines, brain and other parts; the latter is mostly ectoparasites Most of them have a temporary parasitic relationship with animals. When a sufficient amount of nutrients are taken, they will detach. The ectoparasite is an important transmission route for the transmission of bacterial diseases and viral diseases, posing a great threat to the health of animals.
3. The most serious infectious disease, known as the "first killer" of animal death. It mainly invades animals through the spread of viruses in body fluids, feed and even air, which causes scale problems. Its characteristics are: 1 Each infectious disease is caused by a specific microorganism, and the spectrum of the host spectrum is different. 2 is contagious. Pathogenic microorganisms can be indirectly contacted (air, drinking water, feed, soil, insemination semen, milk, etc.) through direct contact (sputum, bite, mating, touch, etc.), dead medium (animal equipment, contaminated surgical instruments, etc.) Living media (arthropods, rodents, birds, humans, amphibians, reptiles, etc.) are transmitted from healthy animals to infected animals, causing the same disease. 3 Invasion of certain organs, systems or even the whole body, showing unique pathological changes and clinical symptoms. 4 Animals can produce immunobiological reactions after infection, and humans can use this method to diagnose, treat and prevent infectious diseases.
It is with so many diseases that stethoscopes play an important role in treating animals. Auscultation not only can distinguish the nature of birth rational or pathological sound, but also determine the location of the sound, and even estimate the size of the lesion, so it is often used for the examination of organs, lungs, gastrointestinal and other organ functions, such as Listen to heartbeat, breath sounds and gastrointestinal motility.
1. When a respiratory disease occurs, the auscultation can determine the location, size, severity of the lesion, and even determine the effect of the medication, and decide whether to treat it or not.
2. auscultation of the heart, can understand the frequency and rhythm of the animal's heartbeat, whether there is noise, help to determine whether to use drugs and treatment.
3.auscultation of the bowel sounds, can determine the animal's constipation treatment effect, timely adjustment of treatment options.
1. The environment should be quiet and the temperature is suitable.
2. Choose an appropriate auscultation site.
3. Choose the right stethoscope. Before the auscultation, check whether the joints of the stethoscope are tight or not, and whether the tube is blocked or broken.
4. At the time of auscultation, attention should be paid to the sounds emitted by the organs and parts being examined.
5.auscultation of lung breath sounds, need to compare with the corresponding parts of the contralateral side, so as not to miss or misunderstand.
Choose a good stethoscope to make you more aware of the animal's physical illness!